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SALCRA Berjaya Mengubah Hidup Penduduk Luar Bandar

Kampung Semapu terletak di daerah Sematan apabila SALCRA mula bertapak di kampung tersebut pada tahun 1993 setelah diberi penerangan atau ceramah oleh agensi tersebut.

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Pada masa itu, kami di empat (4) buah kampung yang berdekatan iaitu Kampung Judin, Kampung Sebako dan Kampung Paon menyertai mesyuarat bersama pihak SALCRA, yang mana kami diberi taklimat mengenai langkah – langkah membangunkan tanah terbiar. Setelah berbincang, akhirnya kami bersetuju untuk menyertai SALCRA pada tahun 1995.
Sebelum adanya SALCRA, kami menanam koko. Bagaimanapun, hasil koko tidak menentu dan susah untuk dijangka kerana sering diserang serangga. Ini menyebabkan kos penjagaan tanaman koko agak tinggi.

Dialog Isap Nyata 2

Tambahnya, kehidupan beliau sekeluarga agak sukar sebelum menyertai SALCRA walaupun merupakan ketua kampung.

Isap Nyata dan IsteriDialog Isap Nyata 3

*Selesa ... KK Isap Nyata dan isteri, Monjeb Noket tersenyum apabila mampu membina rumah konkrit setelah menjadi peserta SALCRA

Ketua Kampung Isap yang merupakan Ahli Jawatankuasa Pembangunan Ladang SALCRA (AJPLS) bekerjasama dengan pengurus ladang SALCRA menerusi mesyuarat yang ditetapkan pada satu – satu masa. “Selain itu, kami juga mengadakan gotong – royong membersihkan blok ladang bersama pekerja yang lain. Maka, saya tidak pernah menyesal ketika membuat keputusan untuk menyertai SALCRA”.

"We studied by the light of candles or kerosene lamps.", Mr. Augustin Minin, Head Village, Serian

Augustin MininVillage head Augustin Minin, 64, is busy tending to his dragon fruit plants which he grows to supplement his already healthy income from oil palm. He joined the SALCRA scheme in 1994 along with half of his village.

Before the scheme, this entire area was pitch dark at night. We studied by the light of candles or kerosene lamps. We were so poor we couldn’t afford to even buy pencils. As such, many dropped out of school. Now, you can see three or four cars parked in every driveway. Our offspring are educated and have graduated from universities,” he says, adding proudly, “I am delighted that one of my six children is currently studying physiotherapy at a local university.

Augustin initially used a small plot of his father-in-law’s land for oil palm. It proved lucrative, as this was flat, roadside land and not hilly terrain. Augustin MininHe currently has 10 ha that yielded him RM41,000 in dividends last year. Three months ago, he registered a company, Augustin & Sons, after investing RM200,000 in an earth excavator and a lorry to carry out contract work.

Remember his difficult childhood, Augustin rewards every child in his village with RM50 for every “A” they score in exams. Under his leadership as village head since 1998, a clinic, church, two community halls, a primary and secondary school and a bridge have been built.

Some villagers were initially terrified that if the surrounding forests were turned into agricultural land, they could no longer harvest fire-wood for cooking and bamboo for building houses. We explained that we don’t even need firewood if we have gas stoves and there is abundant food on the table. It took a while to convince them, but you can see the results today.

"I never dreamt that I could one day live in such a big house.", Majen Minos

Majen Minos, 62, still looks slightly dazed when talking about the beautiful bungalow he built with dividends earned from his oil palms. Majen MinosThe tiled flooring and spacious interiors fitted with modern conveniences like electricity, piped water, flush toilets, washing machine and gas stove are common to city folks, but they are a stark contrast to the dirt floor, thatched hut which Majen grew up in.

Like many other villagers, Majen had grown rice and pepper in small plots of land, and later worked as a driver with a RM700 salary. He later received a Class F license for small contractor jobs in construction. In his spare time he operated a food stall. In 1995, Majen heard about land redevelopment schemes under the Sarawak Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Authority (SALCRA) during a series of meetings held with the local communities.

I listened closely to the arguments presented by some villagers over their fears of having their land seized, but the explanations and guarantees given by SALCRA were reasonable and assuring.

Our land title is perpetuity and everything is done through documents. Of course I was nervous, but I don’t want to stay poor forever if I don’t take a risk.

Majen used all of his savings to purchase 43 ha of land spread over eight parcels, most deep in secondary forests or over hilly terrain that was undesirable for agriculture. In 1999, he earned RM10,000 in dividends from the first two parcels of land that were developed. In 2002, he received a further RM10,000 from four parcels and in 2007, RM70,000 from all eight parcels of land that were planted.

In 2013, Majen pocketed RM120,000. With the profits earned, he invested in his own 60 ha plantation and built his dream home for his wife Jelumie Sangau, 57, and their three children. His eldest child was able to finish tertiary education and has a stable job with a multi – national bank in Kuala Lumpur today.

Many people have the misconception that they would lose their land to SALCRA but today, they regret not participating when they had the opportunity. It was a risk I took. I went around and bought land that others did not want.

People are envious. But they were not around to see how poor we were back in the 1960s till the 1990s when we finally had a chance to earn a profit from the land. I never dreamt that I could one day live in such a big house with water and electricity. For those of us born into poverty without any opportunity to go to school, this was something impossible.

Majen is one of the 300,000 smallholders in Malaysia cultivating oil palm who collectively contribute over 18 million tonnes of the palm oil exported annually. These smallholders cultivate some 40% of the land, owning plantations of between four and 40 ha in size.

Majen is among the landowners whose lives have been transformed by SALCRA schemes that were part of an ambitious plan to optimise vast tracts of under – developed native land in Sarawak since 1976.

 Majen and Wife
Majen and his wife at their newly built home which epitomises the success of an oil palm smallholder under the SALCRA scheme

"SALCRA Ubah Hidup Bekas Askar", En. Dickson Duga, Bunan Gega, Mongkos, Serian

 Dahulu hidup saya susah sehinggakan saya tidak mampu menyekolahkan anak sulung dan anak kedua. Namun, selepas menjadi peserta SALCRA pada tahun 1992, hidup saya kian berubah.

Dickson DugaDickson yang juga merupakan seorang mandur di Estet Kelapa Sawit Mongkos, turut menyatakan bahawa berikutan kesusahan hidup menyebabkan kedua – dua anaknya tidak dapat meneruskan persekolahan.

“Bermula dari tahun 1993, pendapatan saya semakin meningkat apabila menerima dividen dari SALCRA sehingga membolehkan anak keempat saya melanjutkan pengajian di Maktab Tentera dan kini memegang jawatan tinggi,” kata bapa kepada lima orang anak ini. Menurut Dickson, beliau mula mengenali SALCRA selepas menghadiri seminar yang disampaikan oleh Menteri Muda Kemajuan Tanah, Datuk Gramong Juna pada 19 April 1991.

“Memang terdetik di hati saya untuk tidak berdaftar sebagai peserta apabila orang kampong mengatakan SALCRA ‘mencuri’ tanah rakyat tetapi selepas mendengar penerangan yang cukup jelas dan terperinci baharu sedar kebaikan menyertai agensi ini.”

Ini kerana, saya mempunyai tanah terbiar tetapi saya tidak mampu membangunkan tanah tersebut untuk mendatangkan hasil. Justeru, apabila menyerahkan tanah tersebut untuk dibangunkan oleh SALCRA, saya mendapat hasilnya berupa dividen,” jelas Dickson yang tidak pernah menyesal membuat keputusan berkenaan.

Beliau yang menerima tanah warisan nenek moyangnya seluas 1.75 hektar untuk dibangunkan oleh pihak SALCRA telah menerima dividen lebih RM2,000 pada tahun 2013. Bekas askar sempadan semasa zaman konfrontasi sekitar tahun 1970 – an kini mampu tersenyum apabila mendapat jumlah pendapatan lebih RM1,000 sebulan dengan masa yang fleksibel ketika bekerja.

Gaji saya di ladang dahulu antara RM400 hingga RM500 sebulan. Sekarang, gaji meningkat kepada RM1,000 lebih apabila mula bekerja seawall jam 5.30 pagi hingga 3.00 petang setiap hari,” tambah Dickson yang memantau 15 orang Tenaga Kerja Indonesia (TKI) di ladang sawit.

Tegas Dickson, kewujudan industri sawit menerusi agensi pelaksana iaitu SALCRA, berjaya membuka peluang pekerjaan kepada penduduk setempat meskipun tidak mempunyai tahap pembelajaran yang tinggi. “Setelah menjadi peserta SALCRA, saya telah bekerja dengan SALCRA sehingga kini. Keadaan ini membolehkan saya membuat simpanan peribadi sebagai persiapan di masa akan datang.”

Dickson yang tidak jemu menyampaikan maklumat mengenai SALCRA kepada orang ramai, turut menasihati penduduk yang mempunyai tanah terbiar dan tidak dibangunkan agar menyerahkan tanah itu kepada SALCRA untuk dimajukan.

Kita sebagai orang kampong tidak mempunyai aset yang cukup untuk menanam kelapa sawit. Jika kita membangunkan tanah tersebut secara persendirian, saya akui memang agak sukar kerana kerja yang tidak tersusun, Bagi yang menanam secara persendirian pula, saya menggesa mereka untuk tidak berputus asa dalam mengusahakan tanaman tersebut.

 

 

Friday, 20 June 2014 02:00

 

 

 

 

"Oil palm is a boon to us.", Naking Nasom, Stungkor, Lundu

Naking Nasom used to earn a meagre RM8 a day as a labourer. He decided to entrust his 10 ha of land to SALCRA in 2000, which earned him an RM18,000 dividend. Today, Naking’s experience has allowed him a SALCRA contract to manage 332 ha of oil palm land. In addition, he owns 20 ha.

Naking grew up in a thatched bamboo hut and later became a subsistence farmer. Rice, corn and tapioca were daily staples; wild boar and fish were luxuries. Naking’s son, Nojey, who became a soldier at 22, recalls how his parents laboured from dawn to dusk to feed him and his four siblings.

“Oil palm is a boon to us. They are tough, hardy plants and once they are growing well, only need occasional pruning and four rounds of fertiliser yearly. The trees bear fruit well after 10 years, when their height makes it difficult to harvest the fruits.”

Each hectare has some 140 trees from which workers harvest 14 to 16 tonnes of fruits daily. It takes about 55 fruit bunches to produce a tonne of oil, which fetches about RM31.

 Naking Nasom   Naking Nasom 2 
Naking Nasom with his son, Nojey   A decision in 2000 to grow oil palm on his 10 ha land brought Naking Nasom a dividend of RM18,000 in the first year alone